Jessamine County Coroner

Cholesterol & Triglycerides

 
CHOLESTEROL
·       HDL (The “good or healthy” cholesterol)
  o   Should be more than 40 mg/dL in men
     o   Should be more than 50 mg/dL in women
     o   60mg/dL is optimal for both men and women 
·       LDL (The “bad or lousy” cholesterol)
     o   Should be less than 100 mg/dL in everyone
TRIGLYCERIDES
·       TG-Should be less than 150 for men and women
     o   150-199= Borderline High
     o   200-499=High
     o       500>=Very High

LIFESTYLE FACTORS THAT AFFECT TRIGLYCERIDES AND CHOLESTEROL
:
WHAT YOU CAN DO
Diet-Eat less than 7 percent of your calories from saturated fat
       -Eat less than 1 percent of your calories from trans fat
       -Eat less than 200 mg of cholesterol each day
       -Choose High Fiber Carbohydrates including whole wheat products
       -Limit Simple Sugars to 1-2 servings per week. This includes sweetened soft drinks, corn syrup,
              honey, candy, baked goods and jams.
       -Eat more fruits and vegetables (4-6 servings per day)
       -Choose “Good” Fats-(monounsaturated)-canola, olive or peanut oil    
       -Avoid Saturated and Trans Fats-coconut, palm oil and animal fats
       -Add Omega 3 Fatty Acids-2-3 servings per week of “cold water” fish like salmon, albacore tuna or
             mackerel.             
Sedentary or inactive lifestyle- Get up and move (as in exercise) every day            
Poorly controlled diabetes or high blood sugar            
Smoking cigarettes (lowers HDL)            
Alcohol-should be avoided if your TG  are very high            
Family history also plays a role.  If you have a family history of bad TG and bad Cholesterol, be especially careful of your numbers.  Be sure to follow your healthcare provider’s advice and take any medication prescribed for you as directed. 
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